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Visible abnormal veins occur in three varieties:

Varicose Vein Treatment at Vein Care

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Spider veins are very fine, of superficial surface extent and typically appear a distinct red or bluish colour. The legs and face are the most commonly afflicted areas for spider veins. They can appear as short unconnected lines, almost like hairs, connected in a ragged tell-tale “starburst” or resemble a spider web in pattern. Mild cases of spider veins are limited and not particularly noticeable, more severe cases can be very apparent.

Spider Vein Treatment Melbourne

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Reticular veins are generally the feeder veins for spider veins. They appear small (less than 3mm diameter) and bluish and are located under the skin. In patients who have both spider veins and reticular veins, the reticular veins are treated first to avoid early recurrence.

Varicose Vein Treatment Melbourne

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Varicose veins are the most noticeable abnormal vein type. They are large, usually bluish and often bulge noticeably above the skin surface. They are caused by a combination of weakness in the vein wall and reflux damage to the vein valves. Aside from being unsightly, they can cause discomfort – varicose vein sufferers typically describe a throbbing or burning sensation that becomes more pronounced with long periods of standing.

Non-surgical treatment for abnormal veins

The overwhelming majority of abnormal veins are not needed for effective blood circulation and can be safely eliminated with a variety of non-surgical outpatient procedures. These procedures are designed to eliminate symptoms of diseased veins, improve venous health and restore a more youthful and healthy appearance to the affected area.

Sclerotherapy and microsclerotherapy

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Sclerotherapy and microsclerotherapy are similar procedures in which a solution injected into the problem veins cleanses the affected area and collapses the vein walls to seal them.
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Ultrasound guided sclerotherapy (UGS) picture

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Ultrasound guided sclerotherapy (UGS)  is another variation of common sclerotherapy treatment that uses ultrasound for more efficient treatment of abnormal veins.
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Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT)

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Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) replaces the surgical “stripping” procedure and uses a laser fibre device to treat large varicose veins. EVLT is often combined with other procedures for maximum benefit.
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Ambulatory Phlebectomy

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Ambulatory Phlebectomy The visible dilated veins are marked. The marked veins are anaesthetised with tumescent (local) anaesthetic. The veins are pulled with a special hook, stiches are generally not required. It compliments sclerotherapy, ultrasound guided sclerotherapy and Endovenous laser treatments. It mainly targets visible bulgy veins.
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Vein and circulation overview

The heart pumps blood throughout the body via arteries, veins are the network of circulatory vessels that return the blood to be re-oxygenated. Valves in the veins prevent blood from flowing the wrong direction; damage to these valves and to the vein walls are the two most common causes of spider, reticular and varicose veins.

There are two systems of veins in the legs: the superficial system and the deep system. Superficial veins are located just under the surface of the skin and only become visible when they are abnormal. Deep veins are located well below the surface within muscular tissue and the two systems are connected by a network of junctions and perforating veins. Redundancy is built into these systems and the work of treated abnormal veins is quickly and effectively taken up by neighbouring vessels.