Deep Vein Thrombosis

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in one of the deep veins in your legs. This blood clot can potentially block a blood vessel or artery, leading to serious and even potentially fatal health effects.

Luckily, early diagnosis through blood clot tests and targeted deep vein thrombosis treatment can go a long way in improving health outcomes for all patients. Learn more about DVT management and DVT treatment from the trusted Vein Care vein doctors in Melbourne.

Women leg with swelling feet lying on bed

What Causes Deep Vein Thrombosis

Blood flow in the leg veins requires mechanical assistance since it works against gravity, flowing up rather than down. Contracting calf muscles and valves in the veins work to direct the flow of blood towards the heart. Anything that impedes this process can cause deep vein thrombosis, including:

  • Injury and surgery
  • Prolonged period of sitting or lying
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Chronic heart failure
  • Untreated varicose veins

Long-distance travel by air, road, or rail (e.g., longer than 8 to 10 hours) can also be associated with an increased risk of DVT symptoms in some susceptible people. Other risk factors include pregnancy, older age, hormone therapy, smoking cigarettes, and being overweight.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Symptoms

Deep vein thrombosis can sometimes be asymptomatic; however, the common symptoms and signs of deep vein thrombosis include:

  • Pain and tenderness in your leg
  • Swelling of the lower leg, ankle and foot
  • Cramping pain in your leg that usually begins in your calf
  • An area of skin turning red, pale or bluish in colour
  • Severe, unexplained pain in your foot and ankle
  • Pain when extending your foot
  • An area of skin that feels warmer than surrounding areas

How are Blood Clots Diagnosed?

To understand how blood clots are diagnosed, it’s important to note that deep vein thrombosis may be mistaken for other disorders such as lymphoedema and chronic venous disease. DVT is diagnosed using a variety of tests including a blood test, vascular ultrasound, venous ultrasound, contrast venography, and other imaging tests like MRI and CT scans. From there, knowledgeable vein doctors come up with an individualised DVT management plan to suit each patient’s unique situation.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Treatment

DVT treatment and blood clot treatments can include taking anticoagulant (blood-thinning) medicines to prevent further clotting or thrombolytic drugs, which are injected intravenously to break up clots. In some rare cases, surgery may be required to remove a DVT clot.

Part of the DVT treatment process also includes reducing risk factors such as quitting cigarettes or losing excess body fat, monitoring the stickiness of your blood using blood tests, and wearing compression stockings to prevent swelling. After all, a healthy lifestyle makes a big difference to overall DVT management.

Melbourne’s Leading Treatment for Blood Clot in Legs

Now that you know the answers to ‘How are blood clots diagnosed?’ and ‘How to get rid of blood clots?’, you may want to consider blood clot tests and deep vein thrombosis treatment with Vein Care. Our experts in blood clot treatment are here to help – call 1300 568 676 or get in touch online to schedule a consultation.